Volunteers at Brigham Young University–Hawaii (“BYU–Hawaii” or “university”) provide invaluable service to the university and enrich the campus community. This policy provides guidelines for the utilization of volunteer services provided to the university.
Current or retired employees, students, alumni, missionaries for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (“Church”) and others may provide volunteer services to the university in accordance with this policy.
Minor means an individual under 18 who is not a matriculated student at BYU–Hawaii.
Volunteer means an individual who is performing volunteer services.
3.1.3 Volunteer Services
Volunteer services means services that are freely performed in furtherance of the university’s nonprofit objectives, without contemplation or receipt of compensation or similar benefit, such as academic (including internship) credit, funding, or future employment.
3.1.4 Vulnerable Adult
Vulnerable adult means an individual 18 years of age or older who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially affects the person’s ability to carry out the activities of daily living.
3.2 Relationship with the University
3.2.1 No Employment Relationship
Performing volunteer services at BYU–Hawaii does not create an employment relationship with the university or qualify the volunteer for any university benefits. Volunteer Services may not be required of any person as a condition for university employment. The university can accept, modify, reject, or terminate any Volunteer Service for any reason.
3.2.2 No Compensation
Volunteers must not receive compensation for Volunteer services. University employees must not represent or imply that volunteers will receive any preference for future employment or future compensation.
On occasion, volunteers may receive nominal tokens of appreciation (see BYU-Hawaii Hosting, Retreats, and Teambuilding policy 3.6). University directors and managers should contact Human Resource with questions about whether these tokens of appreciation constitute compensation.
Volunteers may receive reimbursement for actual and reasonable expenses they incur in connection with volunteer services they provide. The unit responsible for a volunteer has the authority to decide whether to reimburse a volunteer for these expenses. These expenditures should be approved in advance. Any reimbursement must be made following standard university reimbursement guidelines. Reimbursement must not be used as a substitute for compensation and cannot be linked to productivity.
3.3 Volunteer Standards
While performing volunteer services, all volunteers must refrain from behavior or expression that seriously and adversely affects the university mission or the Church and comply with applicable university policy, including the Church Educational System Honor Code.
3.4 Acceptable Types of Volunteer Services
Volunteer Services must further the university’s religious, charitable, civic, or humanitarian purposes
3.5 Prohibited Activities
To comply with federal law, the following activities are not volunteer services and are prohibited:
- Former employee training a replacement;
- Hourly employee performing work assignments off the clock;
- Retiree performing work that the retiree previously performed as an employee;
- An individual to whom the university has extended an offer of employment attending job-related training, meetings, or performing other uncompensated work before an official hire date.
To avoid unnecessary risk, volunteers are prohibited from performing the following activities:
- Operation of heavy equipment, unless the volunteer is adequately trained, and licensed ;
- Volunteer’s will also need to have approval from supervisors before operating heavy equipment.
- Activities involving contact with minors, unless the volunteer qualifies as a responsible adult under the Protection of Minors policy;
- Activities involving unsupervised contact with vulnerable adults; and
- Any activity inappropriate or unsafe for an employee.
The responsible vice president may prohibit volunteers from engaging in other activities not specified above.
3.6 Volunteer Agreements
3.6.1 Rights to Use Agreements
The university reserves the right to require a volunteer Agreement for any activity. Volunteer Agreements are available through Human Resources.
3.6.2 Services Requiring a Volunteer Agreement
Volunteers are required to complete and sign a volunteer Agreement when their services involve any of the following:
- Confidential information (e.g., processing of credit card numbers or bank account information);
- Fitness center or wellness center services;
- Food preparation other than service of packaged or ready-to-eat foods;
- Hazardous materials;
- Interactions with minors or vulnerable adults
- Participation in recreational or competitive sports;
- Providing medical surveillance or wearing personal protective equipment;
- Traveling off campus or in a university provided vehicle; and
- Working with or near stored energy
If a Volunteer Agreement is required, the university unit coordinating the volunteer services is responsible for ensuring that the agreement has been completed and signed and a copy has been provided to Human Resources before the volunteer begins providing volunteer services.
University units should contact Human Resources with any questions about Volunteer Agreements.
3.6.3 Services Not Requiring a Volunteer Agreement
Some volunteer service activities are considered minimal risk and do not generally require a volunteer agreement. These include the following:
- BYU–Hawaii student club service activities,
- Guest lecturing and instructing (e.g., campus devotionals, firesides, workshops, classrooms), and
- Organizing or ushering campus events.
3.7 Select Volunteer Populations
Some individuals who might want to provide volunteer services to the university are subject to additional conditions, as described below.
Prior to requesting full-time or church service missionaries, university units must discuss their requests with Human Resources. Missionaries may be assigned to serve at the university only through consultation between the proper ecclesiastical leaders and university officials.
3.7.2 Employee Volunteers
In addition to the rules and restrictions cited above, the following restrictions apply to current and former university employees who provide volunteer services:
- The employee may not provide volunteer services for the college, division, or department in which the employee is or was employed, unless approved by Human Resources; and
- The employee’s volunteer services may not displace another employed worker
- The following apply only to current employees providing volunteer services
- The employee’s volunteer services must be substantially unrelated to his or her paid work responsibilities
- The time the employee spends on volunteer services must be insubstantial in relation to the employee’s paid working hours and
- The employee’s volunteer services may not take place during the employee’s regular working hours or scheduled overtime hours unless it occurs during approved vacation time
Salaried employees who accept additional work projects, assignments, or responsibilities for the university are compensated by their salary and are not performing volunteer services under this policy
3.7.3 Minor Volunteers
Minors may not participate in volunteer service activities that require a volunteer agreement. Activities and events with volunteers who are minors or in which adult volunteers interact with minor participants must also comply with the requirements of the Protection of Minors Policy.
3.7.4 Research Subjects
Although the university is grateful for the service of those who participate as subjects in university research, that service is governed by the Institutional & Survey Research policy and not this policy.
3.8 TRAINING, MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE, AND OVERSIGHT
University units are responsible for creating an environment where their volunteers can perform volunteer services safely, including providing the following:
- Training, including applicable safety training;
- Appropriate oversight;
- Personal protective equipment; and
- Medical surveillance programs applicable to likely hazards.
3.9 Background Checks
Volunteers may be subject to a background check before being allowed to perform volunteer services.
3.10 University Vehicles
Only a volunteer who meets the driver requirements in the Motor Pool policy, has been authorized by the responsible unit, and has completed a volunteer agreement may operate a university vehicle.
3.11 Insurance Coverage and Liability
3.11.1 Health Insurance Coverage and Workers’ Compensation
Volunteers are not eligible for university health insurance coverage because of their volunteer services and will not receive workers’ compensation benefits if they are injured while providing volunteer services, even if the university was the beneficiary of the volunteer services and university employees provided oversight for the volunteer services.
3.11.2 Liability for Personal Property Damage
Volunteers assume the risk of damage to or theft of any personal property that may occur as a result of providing volunteer services. The university disclaims liability and does not provide insurance for any loss or damage to a volunteer’s personal property that may occur in connection with providing volunteer services.
3.11.3 Legal Defense and Indemnity
The university may choose to furnish a legal defense for or indemnify a volunteer if the volunteer was acting in good faith within the course and scope of the volunteer services authorized by the university. The university will make this determination in its sole discretion and on a case-by-case basis. The university is unlikely to choose to defend or indemnify a volunteer if:
- The act or omission in question was a violation of law or university policy;
- The volunteer was not properly licensed, certified, or authorized as required by the proper authorities;
- Damages resulted from the volunteer’s operation of a motor vehicle, a vessel, or other vehicle for which an operator’s license is required; or
- The volunteer was acting under the influence of any alcohol or drugs at the time of the act in question.
In the event the university furnishes a defense, the university reserves the absolute right to make all decisions regarding the manner in which the defense is conducted. To obtain the benefits of this policy, the volunteer must reasonably cooperate with the university.
4. RELATED POLICES AND PROCEDURES
Executive Sponsor: Administrative Vice President
President's Council Approval: 02/02/2024
Last Modified: 02/02/2024
Last Reviewed: 02/02/2024
Next Review: 04/13/2026
Full revision history maintained by the Office of Compliance & Ethics.